ACADEMIC RESOURCE – a book, periodical, film, and/or other media appropriate for college-level students.
BOOK – “academic” (college-level students), “professional” (for professionals), or “scholarly” (narrow topic, usually published by a university press, concerned with higher level academic learning and research, likely peer-reviewed).
PERIODICAL – a publication issued at regular (weekly, monthly, bimonthly, quarterly) or somewhat regular intervals, such as a magazine, trade journal, scholarly journal, or newsletter. Issues are available in print and/or electronically (at publisher’s Web site or in full-text textabases). Good source of up-to-date information on a specific topic.
MAGAZINE – a popular interest periodical. Generally its articles are short and not peer-reviewed. Its writers rarely provide citations for the sources of their information and often have a general education rather than a specialized college degree and experience. Examples: Newsweek, Sports Illustrated, Time, U.S. News & World Report
SCHOLARLY JOURNAL – a periodical intended for professionals in a particular discipline or field of study. Contains fairly recent original research, literature reviews, and in-depth analyses written by experts in that discipline or field and often peer-reviewed by experts in that discipline or field. Articles detailing original research are written by the researchers themselves.
Vocabulary and writing style are formal and scholarly. Authors' credentials (degrees and possibly employment) are included. Contains few or no photographs or advertisements. Examples: Child Development, Crime & Delinquency, Journal of Pediatric Nursing
TRADE JOURNAL – a periodical intended to disseminate news and information within a particular discipline, field of study, or industry. Written by professionals in that discipline or field. Sometimes peer-reviewed. Vocabulary is specialized but less formal and technical than a scholarly journal. Contains articles about scholarly research, new practices and issues, professionals in this career field, product information, et cetera. Authors often have one or more college degrees in this subject. Often contain advertisements for products and services related to this field. Examples: Childhood Education, Computer Graphics World, Restaurant Business
PEER REVIEW – one or more experts critically evaluate an article or other work prior to its publication for relevence, accuracy, originality, and clarity.
PRIMARY SOURCE – information provided by its original researcher or observer.
RESEARCH ARTICLE – details of a careful investigation to find new facts about a topic.
SECONDARY SOURCE – information based on a primary source; secondhand information.