- For all source types, follow the examples in the “book” section for handling multiple authors and other special authorship situations.
- If a given element does not exist for your source, skip it and move on to the next.
Some internetsources are posted under a screen name, user ID, or other pseudonym. Use this name for the author element if the real name of the author (or other creator) is not available. If the pseudonym resembles a regular name, put it in lastname, firstname order. If there is no obvious first and last name, put the name as it appears on the source.
A note on hanging indents
MLA style requires "hanging indents" for works cited entries: the second and subsequent lines of each entry are indented 5 spaces past the first line.
Examples in this guide do not show the hanging indent, because of the way that the guide displays across different screen sizes. See the tab "hanging indents" for more information on hanging indents and how to create them.
In addition, example citations in this guide are shown in bold. This formatting is used to help separate them from explanatory text. Do not use bold type for the citations on your real works cited page.
We at Rothrock Library are happy to help you with your questions about research and citation! You can:
- Stop by the library
- Give us a call: 610-799-1150
- Email us through Ask a Librarian
Monday-Thursday: 7:30 AM to 9:45 PM
Friday: 7:30 AM to 5 PM
Saturday: 8 AM to 1 PM
Saturday Hours are for Fall and Spring semesters only.
Book with one author:
Lastname, Firstname. Title. Publisher, year.
Goad, Tom W. Information Literacy and Workplace Performance. Quorum, 2002.
Book with two authors:
Lastname, Firstname and Firstname Lastname. Title. Publisher, year.
Zwier, Lawrence J., and Glenn Mathes II. Study Skills for Success. U of Michigan Press, 2005.
Book with three or more authors:
Lastname, Firstname, et al. Title. Publisher, year.
Moore, Sarah, et al. The Ultimate Study Skills Workbook. Open UP, 2010.
Edited collection (whole book):
Lastname, Firstname, editor. Title. Publisher, year.
Mintz, Anne P., editor. Web of Deceit: Misinformation and Manipulation in the Age of Social Media. Cyberage, 2012.
One piece in an edited collection or anthology:
Author’s lastname, Firstname. “Title of Piece.” Title of Book, edited by Editor’s Firstname Lastname, Publisher, year, pp. z-y.
Smith, Meg. “Social Media and Intentional Misinformation.” Web of Deceit: Misinformation and Manipulation in the Age of Social Media, edited by Anne P. Mintz, Cyberage, 2012, pp. 1-19.
Hughes, Langston. “I, Too.” The Norton Anthology of African-American Literature, edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Nelly Y. McKay, Norton, 1997, p. 1258.
Book with a corporate author:
Name of Company or Organization. Title. Publisher, year.
American Medical Association. Family Medical Guide. Wiley and Sons, 2004.
Book where the author and publisher are the same:
Title. Name of Organization or Company, year.
MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association, 2016.
Book with a translator:
Author’s Lastname, Firstname. Title. Translated by Translator’s Firstname Lastname, Publisher, year.
Khosrokhavar, Farhad. Radicalization: Why Some People Choose the Path of Violence. Translated by Jane Marie Todd, New Press, 2017.
Book: edition other than the first:
Lastname, Firstname. Title. Xth ed., Publisher, year.
MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association, 2016.
Fry, Ron. How to Study: The Program that has Helped Millions of Students Study Smarter, Not Harder. 25th Anniversary ed., Career Press, 2016.
Article from a print periodical:
Lastname, Firstname. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. x, no. y, date, pp a-z.
Sokoloff, Jason. “Information Literacy in the Workplace: Employer Expectations.” Journal of Business and Finance Librarianship, vol. 17, 2012, pp. 1-17.
Article from a library database, no DOI assigned:
Lastname, Firstname. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. x, no. y, date, pp a-z. Database Name, webaddress.com.
“Sources and Searches: Resources for Media Literacy and Research.” American Libraries, vol. 48, no. 5, May 2017, pp. 60-61. EBSCOhost, 0 -search.ebscohost.com.wave.lccc.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,url,uid&db=a9h&AN=122898587&site=ehost-live.
Note: If a permalink or stable link is available, use that in place of the link that appears in your brower’s address bar.
Article from a library database, with DOI assigned:
Lastname, Firstname. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. x, no y, date, pp. a-z, Database Name, doi:123456789.
William, Shannon M., et al. “First Generation College Students and U.S. Citizens: Is the University Perceived like Family or Strangers?” Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community, vol. 41, no. 1, Jan-Mar2013, pp. 45-54. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/10852352.2012.719798.
Note: Copy the DOI exactly as it appears on the source, including any punctuation marks present.
Lastname, Firstname. Website Title. Date. www.webaddress.com.
Ward, Christie. The Viking Answer Lady. 18 July 2017. http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/
Not That Mike The Other Mike. Cutetropolis. 2017. http://cutetropolis.com/.
Article on a website:
Lastname, Firstname. “Article Title.” Website Title, date, www.url.com.
Gibson, Angela. “URLs: Some Practical Advice.” MLA Style Center, 2 Nov. 2016, style.mla.org/2016/11/02/urls-some-practical-advice/.
Russell, Tony, et al. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2 Aug. 2016, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/.
“English.” What Can I Do With This Major?, University of Tennessee Career Development Center, whatcanidowiththismajor.com/major/english/.
Lastname, Firstname, role. Title of DVD. Production Company, year.
Huston, John, director. The Maltese Falcon. Warner Brothers, 1941.
Video from a library database:
Lastname, Firstname, role. “Title of Video.” Collection Title, Collection Producer, date. Database, Publisher.
Seligman, Martin, speaker. “What Positive Psychology Can Help You Become.” TED Talks, TED Conferences LLC, 28 January, 2012. Films on Demand, Films Media Group.
Video on a hosting site (e.g. YouTube):
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Video.” Title of Host, uploaded by Name of Uploader, date, www.completeurl.com.
Erwin, Elizabeth. “Getting to Know the Rothrock Library.” YouTube, uploaded by Rothrock Library Social, 7 April, 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=b21W9l4OHfY&index=5&list=PLmF7ZZnUsIMlwYiW6GYncmKcquZg7Foze
@Twiterhandle. “Complete text of tweet.” Twitter, date, twitter.com/urlofspecifictweet.
@LehighCarbonCC. “#LCCC Announces Spring 2017 Dean’s List.” Twitter, 29 June 2017, twitter.com/LehighCarbonCC/status/880517153086218241.
Artwork from a website:
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Work. Year. www.completeurl.com.
Arning, Eddie. Plant with Abstract Flowers. 1965. www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/312212.html?mulR=348536947|6.