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MLA Citation: 8th Edition  

This guide explains the rules for citation and formatting in 2016 update of MLA Style.
Last Updated: Aug 8, 2017 URL: http://infoguides.lccc.edu/mla Print Guide RSS Updates

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A note on hanging indents

MLA style requires "hanging indents" for works cited entries:  the second and subsequent lines of each entry are indented 5 spaces past the first line.  

Examples in this guide do not show the hanging indent, because of the way that the guide displays across different screen sizes.  See the tab "hanging indents" for more information on hanging indents and how to create them.

In addition, example citations in this guide are shown in bold.  This formatting is used to help separate them from explanatory text.  Do not use bold type for the citations on your real works cited page. 


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When a source exists in more than one version, the version element is used to distinguish which one you actually used in your paper or project.  Examples of versions include:

  • The second edition (or other numbered edition) of a book.
  • A “revised edition” or “expanded edition.”
  • An abridged (or unabridged) version.
  • A translation or version of a holy book, such as the King James Version of the Christian Bible.
  • A director’s cut of a movie.

Not all citations require a version number.  Your source may exist in only one version, or the version may be unimportant. 

Include a version number:

·         If it is important for the reader to know what version you used: for instance, if your paper talks about a scene in a movie that only appears in the director’s cut, your citation should specify the director’s cut. 

·         If the edition is prominently specified on the source (for instance, on a book cover).


MLA Handbook.  8th ed., Modern Language Association, 2016.

Fry, Ron.  How to Study:  The Program that has Helped Millions of Students Study Smarter, Not Harder.  25th Anniversary ed., Career Press, 2016. 



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